Redemption & Judgment, Part 3 of 4

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Exodus 6:6-7 says, “Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgements.”

“And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the Lord your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.”

God Redeemed Israel

El Elohim (The Lord) spoke to Moses, wherein Moses was anointed to lead the Israelites out of bondage and toward a life of new beginnings. And though Moses was called to lead; it was God who would deliver Israel from enslavement in Egypt.

Our text says, “I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgements.”

After 430 years in bondage, God sets in motion a series of events that redeemed Israel from enslavement.

Where the text says, “I will redeem you with a stretched out arm,” the word redeem is translated from the Hebrew word ga’al, which implies a personal relationship.

In ancient cultures, the kinsman (brother/family) redeemed orphans and widows; meaning took the into their household and cared for them.

Redeem, carried the meaning of saving one’s kin from death; reclaiming property, buying back a relatives property.

The meaning of redeem is captured by Jeremiah 50:34: “Yet their Redeemer is strong; the Lord Almighty is his name. He will vigorously defend their cause so that he may bring rest to their land, but unrest to those who live in Babylon.”

God was Israel’s “Redeemer,” as they were His covenant people; i.e., His children. As sons and daughters of All Mighty God, He was their Redeemer. He delivered, liberated, saved or set them free from the grip and power of their oppressor.

The Pharaohs Are Black Kings/Leaders/Presidents

Exodus 6:1 says, “Then the Lord said to Moses, “Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh. For with a strong hand he will let them go, and with a strong hand he will drive them out of his land.”

There are colleges, universities, and scholars that have studied the Exodus, and Moses trying to prove or disprove that the events described by Moses took place.

And while there is neither the space, nor is this article written to be an exhaustive study of the subject, there is ample evidence; both biblical and historical sources that affirm that the Hebrew exodus from Egypt is a historical event.

There are many dates suggested for the Exodus, even so, I will only mention two.

The first proffers that the days of Hebrew bondage in Egypt took place during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II, and that the Exodus took place during the reign of his son Merneptah (late date for the Exodus: 1220 B.C.)

Note: Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop, who published his dissertation, completed at the University of Paris, says the Western world has falsified history with respect to the race of the ancient Egyptians. He argues that the West has invented a hypothetical white Pharaonic race that imported Egyptian civilization from Asia.

Contrarily, Dr. Diop’s research reveals that the Egyptian civilization originated in Africa, and that the indigenous Pharaohs of Egypt were Black Africans. Dr. Diop draws on archaeological, anthropological, linguistic, and other evidence to show parallels between the ancient Egyptians and Blacks from other parts of Africa.

Especially striking are the photographic similarities between Pharaoh Ramses II and the physical features and hairstyle of a modern Watusi warrior. “If the resemblance is more than coincidence, it would mean that this Pharaoh traditionally associated with Moses and the Exodus was a Black African.”

 

 

The second date suggest that the Exodus took place about 1446 B.C.; and to this point, 1 Kings 6:1 says, ” And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord.”

Solomon reigned from about 970-930 B.C.; so that, if we add the 430 years the Hebrews spent in bondage in Egypt, and 40 years wandering we get 1440 B.C.

There is ample evidence that Thutmose III, was the Pharaoh at the hight of Israelite bondage in Egypt. It was during his reign that Moses was thought to have killed the Egyptian overseer and fled Egypt.

Forty years later Amenhotep II; the son of Thutmose, who was known to brag about his own skills and accomplishments, embodied the character of the pharaoh that was confronted by Moses, and compelled to free the Hebrews.

Note: A black granite statue of Thutmose III was found at Alexandra; the door jambs of the sough gate of the great solar empale at Heliopolis bear the name of Thutmose III; A black granite door jamb of Thutmose III was found near the Cairo citadel; it probably came from Heliopolis. (Charles F. Aling: Egypt and Bible History, From Earliest Times to 1000 B.C.)

Cain Hope Felder, Troubling Biblical Waters says, “Pharaoh Thutmose III, “the Napoleon of ancient Egypt” who founded the Eighteenth Dynasty by overthrowing  Hyksos rule, had a Nubian mother; he was thereby a mulatto.”

Dr. Felder says, “That the evidence suggest that, by modern standards of race, the indigenous Pharaohs of the Eighteenth to the Twenty-fifth Dynasties were for the most part probably Black.”

Wether during the reign of Ramses II’s son Mernepath, or durning the reign of Thutmoses III’s, son Amenhotep II; Moses went before Pharaoh compelling him to release the enslaved Hebrews from bondage in Egypt.

 

 

Great Judgements

Our text says, I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgements.”

El Shaddai, All Mighty God tells Moses that He will redeem the Hebrew with “great judgements. In the Hebrew text the word judgement is translated for the Hebrew word “shephet,” which has the meaning of “acts of judgement.”

The meaning is evident in Ezekiel 14:12: “For thus says the Lord God; when I send My four severe judgments on Jerusalem — the sword and famine and wild beasts and pestilence — to cut off man and beast from it.”

There is the school of thought that the ten plagues were an attack on the individual deities of the Egyptian pantheon. That being the case, it appears that the first, second, seventh, ninth, and tenth attacked individual deities, while the third, fourth, sixth, and eighth did not.

The first plague turned the Nile to blood – attacked the “Nile god, Hapi.” The second plague inundated the land with frogs – Egypt had many frog/toad deities; Hekat was the most popular; and was associated with the fertility goddess.

The seventh plague, hail and severe thunderstorms – directed against the crops of Egypt, which crippled Egypt’s economy; directed at “Re and other solar deities” who were considered responsible for agricultural productivity.

The ninth plague, darkness – attack on Egypt’s sun god Amon-Re and other less important solar deities. The tenth plague bought death to the firstborn – attacked Egypt’s living god, the pharaoh. The god-king was shown to be no stronger than his lowest subject.

The fifth plague bought disease and death to a large number of Egypt’s livestock – several deities were associated with the cow (primarily the goddess Hathor), but it is perhaps best not to view this plague as an attack on a specific deity.

The other four plagues (dust turned into insects, swarms of flies, boils, locust) are not regarded as attacks on particular gods or goddesses of ancient Egypt.

Moses, like the judgements were used by El Elohim (The Lord) to “redeem/deliver” the Hebrews from bondage in Egypt.

Exodus 12: 29-31 says, And it came to pass at midnight that the Lord struck all the first born in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock.

So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was  not one dead.

The he called for Mose and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise and go out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve the Lord as you have said.

Reflection: Barak Obama was not the first Black man to hold the most powerful position in the world. He stands in succession to a line of powerful Black men and women who have governed the most powerful and advanced civilizations in world history.

Dr. Felder said, “Whether we call Pharaohs Black, Afroasiatic, or Negroid does not matter. The substantive point is that they were not Caucasians.” And packed in this reality is what can be referred to as a two-edged sword.

Wether talking Rameses II, or Amenhotep II; the Hebrew people/Israelites who make up the Exodus were Africans by birth; i.e., they were Black people by modern day classifications. And so, how do we access the oppressive “Black Pharaoh.”

Our paradigm for the liberation struggle of Black people must stretch beyond a white vs. Black issue; as there are numerous ways in which people are and have been oppressed by members of their own racial and national group (Cain Hope Felder; Troubling Biblical Waters).

People are people; freedom from the bondage of this world will manifest when we as people, dedicate ourselves to helping others live better. The apostle Luke said, “And just as you want men to do to you, you also do to them likewise.” (Luke 6:31)

Africans oppressing Africans, Americans oppressing Afro-Americans, Brazilians oppressing Afro-Brazilians, Mexicans oppressing Afro-Mexicans, Columbians oppressing Afro-Columbians, White people oppressing Black people.

The history of Egypt is endowed with meaning. And in it’s meaning, God is present liberating people from bondage, oppression, poverty and suffering driven by the greed, power, control, lust and corruption of humankind. (see part 4)

Prayer

Lord, in the name of Jesus grant us to know the wisdom of humility, and the rewards of prayer. It is impossible to know your will; it is impossible to participate in your plan. It is impossible, until You reveal it to us. Bless our eyes to see You, and bless our ears to hear You, O’ Lord. For we are Your children, who want to see, hear and obey You, O’ Lord.

The Apostle Paul said, “That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

Lord, we humbly bow before you, confessing that you are Lord. Hallelujah, hallelujah, hallelujah! Praise you Lord, is our prayer. In Jesus name. Amen

Shalom